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Le Vicomte de Bragelonne, ou Dix ans plus tard

Ten Years Later; The Vicomte de Bragelonne + Louise de La Vallière + The Man in the Iron Mask; The Son of Athos

roman/novel, pub:1848-1850, action:1660-1673

    The four Musketeers aid in restoring Charles II. of England to his throne. With the son of one of them (the titular hero), they are implicated on opposing sides in the troubles between Fouquet and Louis XIV. Mazarin, Conde, Colbert, Queen Anne of Austria, Queen Henrietta Maria, and General Monk also appear in the story.

    This is the third in a trilogy which consists of three novels:
        Les Trois Mousquetaires,
        Vingt Ans Après (Twenty Years After), and
        Le Vicomte de Bragelonne ou Dix Ans Plus Tard (Ten Years Later).
    This third novel is often split up into three pieces when published in English:
        The Vicomte of Bragelonne,
        Louise de la Vallière, and
        The Man in the Iron Mask.

    Dumas also wrote an essay L'homme au masque de fer in which he proposed that The Man in the Iron Mask was the twin brother of Louis XIV.


Liens/Links
    "The French Novels of 1849" including Le Vicomte de Bragellonne
    Louise de la Vallière (chapters 140-206 of Le Vicomte de Bragelonne)
    Ten Years Later (chapters 1-103 of Le Vicomte de Bragelonne) (text)
    Ten Years Later (chapters 1-103 of Le Vicomte de Bragelonne)
    Ten Years Later (chapters 76-139 of Le Vicomte de Bragelonne) (text)
    The Man In the Iron Mask (chapters 207+ of Le Vicomte de Bragelonne)
    The Man in the Iron Mask (chapters 207+ of Le Vicomte de Bragelonne) (text)
    The Vicomte de Bragelonne (chapters 1-75 of Le Vicomte de Bragelonne) (text)
    A Gossip on a Novel of Dumas' (Vicomte de Bragelonne) by Robert Louis Stevenson
    El Hombre de la Mascara de Hierro (espagnol/Spanish)
    Introduction to The Vicomte de Bragelonne
    Sinopsis de El Vizconde de Bragelonne (espagnol/Spanish)
    Table of contents (chapter titles) of Ten Years Later
    The castle owned by Charles de Batz, the Gascon on whom the character of D'Artagnan was based
    The movie The Man in the Iron Mask web site
    The Mystery of the Iron Mask (explained!)


Oeuvres/Related Works
    Mahalin, Paul: Le Filleul d'Aramis (The Godson of Aramis) - Paris, Librairie illustrée, 1896
    Mahalin, Paul: Le Fils de Porthos (The Son of Porthos) - Paris, Tresse, 1883. It is a sequel to Le Vicomte de Bragelonne. Available from amazon.com.
    Dumas père, Alexandre: Louise de La Vallière - Available from amazon.com
    Louise de la Valliere - New York, A. L. Burt, n.d., The Home Library, bef. 1911
    Louise de la Valliere - New York, P. F. Collier & Son, n.d., The Works of Alexandre Dumas in Thirty Volumes (vol. 16), blue cloth, gilt spine
    Ten Years Later - New York, P. F. Collier & Son, n.d., The Works of Alexandre Dumas in Thirty Volumes (vol. 15), blue cloth, gilt spine
    Dumas père, Alexandre: The Man in the Iron Mask - Available from amazon.com (movie paperback)
    Dumas père, Alexandre: The Man in the Iron Mask - Available from amazon.com (paperback)
    Dumas père, Alexandre: The Man in the Iron Mask - Available from amazon.com (hardcover)
    Dumas père, Alexandre: The Man in the Iron Mask - Available from amazon.com (cassette)
    The Man in the Iron Mask - New York, P. F. Collier & Son, n.d., The Works of Alexandre Dumas in Thirty Volumes (vol. 17), blue cloth, gilt spine
    The Man in the Iron Mask - New York, P. F. Collier & Son, 1902, The Works of Alexandre Dumas in Thirty Volumes (vol. 17), brown cloth, gilt spine
    Dumas père, Alexandre: The Vicomte de Bragelonne - Available from amazon.com
    The Vicomte de Bragelonne - New York, P. F. Collier & Son, n.d., The Works of Alexandre Dumas in Thirty Volumes (vol. 14), blue cloth, gilt spine


Images (voyez tous/view all)
    "Aramis saw that the young man was stretched upon his bed, his face half-concealed by his arms."
    "Here," replied the King, opening one of the folds of the screen.
    "I constitute you my successor"
    "Is it for me that the King remains thus uncovered?"
    "Oh, Monsieur, tell me that at the end of a year I shall then see my mother again"
    "See yonder, Sire"
    "The king entered into the cell without pronouncing a single word: He was pale and haggard."
    "They saw, by the red flashes of the lightning against the violet fog which the wind stamped upon the bankward sky, they saw pass gravely, at six paces behind the governor, a man clothed in black and masked by a visor of polished steel…"
    "You will look through the opening, which answers to one of the false windows made in the dome of the King's apartment. Can you see?"
    "You will look through the opening, which answers to one of the false windows made in the dome of the King's apartment. Can you see?"
    A dark complexioned girl who held out her hand
    A woman perched on a ladder in deep conversation with a man seated in a tree
    As he was leading his horse out under the porch he heard a gentle voice calling him
    Colbert and the duchess
    D'Artagnan, therefore, had passed the two days and the two nights of the voyage close to the coffin, alone with the general, offering him wine and food
    De Wardes took aim at him, and fired.
    He vaulted over and dropped among the crowd below
    La Vallière uttered a terrible shriek and threw herself back into Montalais' arms
    Man of the Iron Mask (engraving)
    Raoul presenting his pistol threw himself on the leader, commanding the coachman to stop
    The death of d'Artagnan
    The King advanced towards her.
    The King and La Valliere in the wood
    The King darted through the trap-door.
    The Man in the Iron Mask
    The man in the iron mask
    The Man in the Iron Mask, Classics Illustrated #54 cover
    The Man in the Iron Mask, Classics Illustrated #54 painted cover
    The state prisoner in the Bastile
    The young girl was stretched upon the damp flagstones.
    Trüchen was making a pair of earrings for Porthos.


From A Bibliography of Alexandre Dumas père by Frank Wild Reed:
     The final lengthy sequel to "Les Trois Mousquetaires" and "Vingt Ans Après."
     Maquet collaborated in this romance, and there is some reason for thinking that the final epilogue came from his pen.
     A magnificent panorama of the court of the young Louis XIV. Commencing with that monarch's attraction to Marie Mancini and the restoration of Charles II., it closes with the fall of Fouquet and the accession of Madame de Montespan to the position of favourite mistress. Period 1660-1673.
     First published serially in "Le Siècle," Oct. 20, 1847 to Jan. 12, 1850.
     Original edition : Paris, Michel Lévy Frères, 26 vols., 8vo., 1848-50.
     First illustrated edition : Paris, Mulat et Boulanger, 2 vols., large 8vo., with fifty-eight engravings, 1851 (according to Parran; but following the "Trésor du Bibliophile Romantique et Moderne," Paris, Dufour et Mulat, 2 vols., 1851, the first with 35 plates, the second with 25).
     Second illustrated edition : Paris, Marescq et Cie., 1 vol., 4to., 1853, with illustrations by J. A. Beaucé, Philippoteaux, etc.
     Another edition : Paris, Calmann-Lévy (N.D.), 2 vols., large 4to., with 32 plates by A. de Neuville, and two vignettes.
     It occupies six volumes in the current standard Calmann-Lévy edition, three in their illustrated series, and one in their "Musée Littéraire."
     In Le Vasseur's "Alexandre Dumas Illustré" it forms the entire Vol. II.
     Louis Conard, Paris, announces an edition in six volumes, with woodcuts engraved by V. Dutertre after designs by Fred-Money.

         References :—
     Parran: "Bibliographie d'Alex. Dumas," pp. 56-57.
     Simon (Gustave): "Histoire d'une Collaboration: Dumas et Maquet."
     Glinel: "Alexandre Dumas et Son Œuvre," pp. 418-19.
     Motteville (Mme. de): "Mémoires."
     Montespan (Mme. de): "Mémoires."
     Saint-Simon: "Mémoires."
     La Fayette (Mme. de): "Histoire d'Henriette d'Angleterre."
     Touchard-Lafosse: "Chroniques de l'Œil-de-Boeuf."
     Lair: "Louise de la Vallière."
     "Le Petit Homme Rouge:" "The Favourites of Louis XIV."
     Stevenson (R. L.): "Memories and Portraits,"—"A Gossip on a Novel of Dumas."

         Principal English Translations :—
     "The Vicomte de Bragelonne;" London, Routledge, 2 vols., 1857. This edition has been frequently reprinted, and it is now in their "Aramis Edition." They have also issued it in a variety of forms, in some instances with all the volumes under the usual title, in others: Vol. I., "Ten Years Later;" Vol. II., "The Vicomte de Bragelonne;" then again as Vol. I., "Ten Years Later;" Vol. II., "Louise de la Vallière."
     "A State Secret ; or, the Iron Mask," dramatised by F. W. Hayes from an episode in Dumas' historical novel, "The Vicomte de Bragelonne," 1880.
     London, Walter Scott, 3 vols., illustrated by F. T. Merrill, translated by H. L, Williams, 1893. Under three successive titles : "The Vicomte de Bragelonne," "Louise de la Vallière" and "The Man in the Iron Mask." These, too, have been frequently reprinted.
     "The Vicomte de Bragelonne;" London, Dent, 6 vols., cr. 8vo., illustrated, 1894. Reprinted in 4 vols. 1906 and 1926.
     "The Vicomte de Bragelonne;" London, Dicks, 61 illustrations, 8vo., sewed, pp. 672, 1896.
     London, Methuen, 2 vols., sewed, pp. 476 and 512, 1904. Another edition, cloth, with coloured plates by F. Adams, 1905. These two volumes bore respectively as sub-titles : "Louise de la Vallière" and "The Man in the Iron Mask."
     London, Collins, 3 vols., 12mo.. illustrated, 1911; titled successively : "The Vicomte de Bragelonne," "Louise de la Vallière" and "The Man in the Iron Mask."
     "The Vicomte de Bragelonne;" London, Nelson, 4 vols., 12mo., 1915.


From A Bibliography of Alexandre Dumas père by Frank Wild Reed:
     (CLIX.) MADRIGAL DE SAINT-AIGNAN. Chapter CXCIV., rhyming a, b, b, a.
     (CLX.) Chapter CCXII., a couplet.

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